What are Coronaviruses?

Author: Nadia Arshad a professional SEO Content Writer

Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that tend to affect human and mammal’s respiratory tract and their guts. The illnesses are closely associated with infections like pneumonia, the common cold, and conditions like severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).  

The virus has now detected in Australia, Canada, Finland, France, India, Italy, Japan, Nepal, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, the United States, and over a dozen other countries. 

Origin of the Coronavirus

In 1937, coronaviruses first identified as an infectious bronchitis virus with which birds suffered that could devastate poultry stocks. Today, infections are the cause of the common cold in 15% to 30% of all cases. In the past 70 years, researchers have found camels, cattle, cats, dogs, horses, mice, pigs, rats, and turkeys infected with coronaviruses.  

Number of Confirmed Cases

According to research done by Johns Hopkins University, there are more than 20,000 confirmed coronavirus cases related to the current outbreak.

Work On a Vaccine

There are teams of medical researchers and scientists in Canada, China, and the United States that are working to develop a vaccine. 

Spreading From Person To Person 

 According to Chinese Health Authorities, there have been two cases of suspected human-to-human transmission.

Distribution Of Coronavirus Cases

Currently, about 20,000 people are known to have been sickened by the 2019-nCoV virus, and about 410 people have died. Only about 150 of those sickened, and only one of the deaths are outside of China. All but 44 of the people sickened by the virus are in Asia.  

An Official Name for the Virus

The World Health Organization has introduced 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease. They suggested the virus be called 2019-nCoV. The n-CoV stands for the novel coronavirus. 

Corona Virus

Potential for Becoming A Pandemic

There are three things this or any other virus must do to cause a pandemic in humans. They are:

1. Efficiently Infect Humans

2. Replicate In Humans

3. Spread Easily Among Humans

How People Can Protect Themselves 

1. Spending at least 20 seconds washing their hands as often as possible using soap and water.  

2. Make sure your hands washed before touching the mouth, eyes or nose.

3. When people are sick with the virus, avoid close contact with them.

4. If you are suffering from the infection, stay home.

5. Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are touched frequently. 

6. If traveling to China, avoid contact with dead or live animals, sick people, animal markets, and animal products like uncooked meat.

7. Seek medical care immediately if you visited China, and within two weeks, you have a fever, are coughing or have difficulty breathing.  

8. Before going to a medical facility, tell the staff you recently visited China. 

Health Officials Being Proactive

The good news is health officials around the world are proactive in working to stop the virus from spreading. They have identified and broadcast the symptoms of the illness and have begun to quarantine people with the disease to prevent them from passing it on to others.

A Two Week Incubation Period

One of the issues that have contributed to the spread of what health officials are calling the 2019-nCOV virus is its two week incubation period. Maybe a person has the virus, displays no symptoms of it, but can still spread it to others.

Symptoms of the Illness

Symptoms can vary from one person to the next, and they typically include sneezing, coughing, runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, and fever.

Wash Hands Regularly

According to healthcare experts, people can protect themselves from the 2019-nCoV virus if they wash their hands regularly with soap and water after making contact with people who could potentially have it. They recommend washing hands for at least 20 seconds before touching your eyes, nose, mouth, or food.

Treating the Virus

Take medicine like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen can help to reduce the pain and fever associated with the illness. 

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