A new report, “Bringing All the women to high school – A Case for Investment,” jointly published by a gaggle of civil society organizations performing on girls’ right to education in Pakistan states that the govt will need to make an investment to the tune of Rs. 6.5 trillion to make sure that each out-of-school (OOS) girl within the country has access to formal education by the year 2030.
To ensure that the whole population of all the out-of-school children in Pakistan, girls and boys, are in schools another Rs. 5.5 trillion will need to be invested within the education sector over subsequent 10 years.
It is interesting to notice that between 2012-13 to 2018-19, the federal and provincial governments in Pakistan collectively spent Rs. 6 trillion on education.
As per the projections provided within the report, this amount will merely need to double over a ten-year period to realize hundred per cent literacy within the country.
22.8 million or 44% of Pakistan’s children of school-going age are out of schools at present. The majority of these out-of-school children are girls.
This inevitably means Pakistan can possibly not overcome its current education crises without ensuring formal learning opportunities for its girl-children.
Over the amount of the last five years from 2012-13 to 2016-17, the amount of out-of-school children (boys and girls) has declined by approximately 12 per cent. The report asserts that at this rate of change, it might take Pakistan another 42 years to clear the prevailing backlog of OOS children within the country!
Both demand- and structural supply-side issues including spasmodic planning have contributed to the present grim situation of education in Pakistan.
However, while these predicaments individually and in unison persistently rob many Pakistani children from an opportunity at a far better life, at the guts of Pakistan’s education crises lies the dilemma of dreadfully low investment.
Pakistan may be a signatory to the “Education 2030 Incheon Declaration and Framework for Action 2015” consistent with which each country should spend a minimum of 4 per cent of its GDP on education and/or allocate a minimum of 15 to twenty per cent of its public expenditure for education.
However, as highlighted within the report while the provincial governments are allocating well above the minimum limit of 15 per cent throughout this point , the federal has fallen in need of the mark by an enormous margin with allocations dwindling between a mere 2 – 2.2. per cent!
And so, albeit education is primarily a provincial subject, the onus of the responsibility to correct Pakistan’s current miserable state of education spending as a percentage of its GDP lies largely on the federal government.
Because the federal spending on education as a percentage of the entire spending is so low, it inevitably brings down the cumulative average of the country.
The study also takes into consideration the adverse effect the COVID-19 outbreak is probably going to possess on Pakistan’s already frail economy and the way the recovery phase are often hastened to reduce its spill-over on the education system.
After highlighting the state of Pakistan’s current investment in education, Bringing All the women to high school.
A Case for Investment closes with an in-depth roadmap on how the structural rigidities within the country’s financial system are often addressed and more revenue generated – within the short-, medium- and long-term periods – to boost the specified Rs. 6.5 trillion over by 2030 to teach the country’s over 12 million out-of-school girls.
Author: Nadia Arshad, an SEO Content Writer